Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.
- Aquatic Biologist
- Aquatic Scientist
- Assistant Scientist
- Bioinformatics Specialist
- Biological Scientist
- Clinical Laboratory Scientist
- Clinical Researcher
- Community Ecologist
- Study and manage wild animal populations.
- Study aquatic plants and animals and environmental conditions affecting them such as radioactivity or pollution.
- Collect and analyze biological data about relationships among and between organisms and their environment.
- Supervise biological technicians and technologists and other scientists.
- Program and use computers to store, process and analyze data.
- Prepare technical and research reports such as environmental impact reports, and communicate the results to individuals in industry, government, or the general public.
- Develop and maintain liaisons and effective working relations with groups and individuals, agencies, and the public to encourage cooperative management strategies or to develop information and interpret findings.
- Prepare requests for proposals or statements of work.
- Represent employer in a technical capacity at conferences.
- Cultivate, breed, and grow aquatic life such as lobsters, clams, or fish.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: IR.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Realistic environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Achievement, but also value Recognition and Independence in their jobs.
- Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
In 2013, the average annual wage in United States was $77,630 with most people making between $39,700 and $124,680
During 2010, this occupation employed approximately 101,000 people in United States. It is projected that there will be 115,000 employed in 2020.
This occupation will have about 1,000 openings due to growth and about 35,000 replacement openings for approximately 36,000 total annual openings.
onetZoologists and Wildlife Biologists
collegeUniversity of Southern California
collegeUniversity of California-Davis
collegeUniversity of California-Santa Barbara
majorMarine Biology and Biological Oceanography
majorBiology/Biological Sciences, General
collegeUniversity of California-Los Angeles