Manage public and private forested lands for economic, recreational, and conservation purposes. May inventory the type, amount, and location of standing timber, appraise the timber's worth, negotiate the purchase, and draw up contracts for procurement. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats, creek beds, water quality, and soil stability, and how best to comply with environmental regulations. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees, monitor trees for healthy growth, and determine optimal harvesting schedules.
- Develop new techniques for wood or residue use.
- Conduct public educational programs on forest care and conservation.
- Plan and direct construction and maintenance of recreation facilities, fire towers, trails, roads and bridges, ensuring that they comply with guidelines and regulations set for forested public lands.
- Study different tree species' classification, life history, light and soil requirements, adaptation to new environmental conditions and resistance to disease and insects.
- Develop techniques for measuring and identifying trees.
- Monitor wildlife populations and assess the impacts of forest operations on population and habitats.
- Analyze effect of forest conditions on tree growth rates and tree species prevalence and the yield, duration, seed production, growth viability, and germination of different species.
- Provide advice and recommendations, as a consultant on forestry issues, to private woodlot owners, firefighters, government agencies or to companies.
- Subcontract with loggers or pulpwood cutters for tree removal and to aid in road layout.
- Plan and implement projects for conservation of wildlife habitats and soil and water quality.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: RIE.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Realistic interests, but also prefer Investigative and Enterprising environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Independence, but also value Working Conditions and Achievement in their jobs.
- Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
In 2014, the average annual wage in United States was $60,070 with most people making between $37,680 and $85,750
During 2012, this occupation employed approximately 12,000 people in United States. It is projected that there will be 12,800 employed in 2022.
This occupation will have about 80 openings due to growth and about 340 replacement openings for approximately 420 total annual openings.
- Nursery and Greenhouse Managers
- Agricultural Engineers
- Chemical Engineers
- Biochemists and Biophysicists
- Soil and Water Conservationists
- Range Managers
- Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
- Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health
- Biological Technicians
- Nuclear Monitoring Technicians
- Fish and Game Wardens
onetFish and Game Wardens
collegeCosumnes River College
majorWildlife, Fish and Wildlands Science and Management
onetZoologists and Wildlife Biologists
collegeCalifornia Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo
majorNatural Resources/Conservation, General
collegeUniversity of California-Berkeley
collegeHumboldt State University