Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes or sentencing guidelines. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May perform wedding ceremonies.
- City Magistrate
- Administrative Court Justice
- Appeals Court Associate Justice
- Appellate Court Judge
- Associate Justice
- Associate Juvenile Court Judge
- Circuit Court Judge
- Circuit Court Magistrate
- Circuit Judge
- County Court Judge
- Read documents on pleadings and motions to ascertain facts and issues.
- Rule on admissibility of evidence and methods of conducting testimony.
- Instruct juries on applicable laws, direct juries to deduce the facts from the evidence presented, and hear their verdicts.
- Award compensation for damages to litigants in civil cases in relation to findings by juries or by the court.
- Monitor proceedings to ensure that all applicable rules and procedures are followed.
- Preside over hearings and listen to allegations made by plaintiffs to determine whether the evidence supports the charges.
- Research legal issues and write opinions on the issues.
- Write decisions on cases.
- Advise attorneys, juries, litigants, and court personnel regarding conduct, issues, and proceedings.
- Interpret and enforce rules of procedure or establish new rules in situations where there are no procedures already established by law.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: ES.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Enterprising interests, but also prefer Social environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Independence, but also value Relationships and Achievement in their jobs.
- Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
In 2013, the average annual wage in United States was $105,380 with most people making between $31,960 and $171,180
During 2010, this occupation employed approximately 34,000 people in United States. It is projected that there will be 37,000 employed in 2020.
This occupation will have about 0 openings due to growth and about 9,000 replacement openings for approximately 9,000 total annual openings.
Industry breakdown is not available for this occupation
onetAdministrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
majorCriminal Justice/Police Science
onetAgents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes
collegeUniversity of Southern California
majorCriminalistics and Criminal Science
collegeUniversity of California-Los Angeles
onetCriminal Investigators and Special Agents
collegeUniversity of California-Berkeley
majorBusiness Administration and Management, General