Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

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About the Job

Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

It is also Called

  • Ambulance Driver-Paramedic
  • Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
  • Emergency Medical Technician - Basic (EMT - B)
  • Emergency Medical Technician - Intermediate (EMT - I)
  • Emergency Medical Technician / Driver (EMT/DRIVER)
  • Emergency Medical Technician / Firefighter (EMT / Firefighter)
  • Emergency Room Technician
  • Emergency Vehicle Operator
  • EMT
  • EMT-B

What They Do

  • Administer first aid treatment or life support care to sick or injured persons in prehospital settings.
  • Operate equipment, such as electrocardiograms (EKGs), external defibrillators, or bag valve mask resuscitators, in advanced life support environments.
  • Perform emergency diagnostic and treatment procedures, such as stomach suction, airway management, or heart monitoring, during ambulance ride.
  • Observe, record, and report to physician the patient's condition or injury, the treatment provided, and reactions to drugs or treatment.
  • Assess nature and extent of illness or injury to establish and prioritize medical procedures.
  • Drive mobile intensive care unit to specified location, following instructions from emergency medical dispatcher.
  • Decontaminate ambulance interior following treatment of patient with infectious disease and report case to proper authorities.
  • Administer drugs, orally or by injection, or perform intravenous procedures under a physician's direction.
  • Immobilize patient for placement on stretcher and ambulance transport, using backboard or other spinal immobilization device.
  • Coordinate work with other emergency medical team members or police or fire department personnel.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: SIR.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Social interests, but also prefer Investigative and Realistic environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Support and Achievement in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Education Required

Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

LMI Region

Wages

In 2013, the average annual wage in United States was $34,870 with most people making between $20,420 and $54,710

Outlook

3.10%
avg. annual growth

During 2010, this occupation employed approximately 226,000 people in United States. It is projected that there will be 301,000 employed in 2020.

This occupation will have about 7,000 openings due to growth and about 113,000 replacement openings for approximately 120,000 total annual openings.