Home Health Aides

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About the Job

Provide routine individualized healthcare such as changing bandages and dressing wounds, and applying topical medications to the elderly, convalescents, or persons with disabilities at the patient's home or in a care facility. Monitor or report changes in health status. May also provide personal care such as bathing, dressing, and grooming of patient.

It is also Called

  • Caregiver
  • Care Giver
  • Certified Home Health Aide
  • Certified Medical Aide (CMA)
  • Certified Nurse Assistant
  • Certified Nurses Aide (CNA)
  • Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)
  • Companion
  • Developmental Aide
  • Direct Care Counselor

What They Do

  • Change dressings.
  • Massage patients or apply preparations or treatments, such as liniment, alcohol rubs, or heat-lamp stimulation.
  • Care for children who are disabled or who have sick or disabled parents.
  • Perform a variety of duties as requested by client, such as obtaining household supplies or running errands.
  • Provide patients and families with emotional support and instruction in areas such as caring for infants, preparing healthy meals, living independently, or adapting to disability or illness.
  • Direct patients in simple prescribed exercises or in the use of braces or artificial limbs.
  • Accompany clients to doctors' offices or on other trips outside the home, providing transportation, assistance, and companionship.
  • Plan, purchase, prepare, or serve meals to patients or other family members, according to prescribed diets.
  • Administer prescribed oral medications, under the written direction of physician or as directed by home care nurse or aide, and ensure patients take their medicine.
  • Entertain, converse with, or read aloud to patients to keep them mentally healthy and alert.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: SR.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Social interests, but also prefer Realistic environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Support and Independence in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Education Required

These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

LMI Region

Wages

In 2013, the average annual wage in New Jersey was $22,680 with most people making between $18,290 and $28,740

Outlook

4.16%
avg. annual growth

During 2008, this occupation employed approximately 28,700 people in New Jersey. It is projected that there will be 40,600 employed in 2018.

This occupation will have about 1,195 openings due to growth and about 285 replacement openings for approximately 1,480 total annual openings.