Home Health Aides

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About the Job

Provide routine individualized healthcare such as changing bandages and dressing wounds, and applying topical medications to the elderly, convalescents, or persons with disabilities at the patient's home or in a care facility. Monitor or report changes in health status. May also provide personal care such as bathing, dressing, and grooming of patient.

It is also Called

  • State Tested Nursing Assistant (STNA)
  • Residential Counselor
  • Residential Aide
  • Resident Care Aide
  • Patient Service Representative
  • Nursing Assistant
  • Nurse's Companion
  • Licensed Nursing Assistant (LNA)
  • Independent Living Specialist
  • In Home Caregiver

What They Do

  • Change dressings.
  • Accompany clients to doctors' offices or on other trips outside the home, providing transportation, assistance, and companionship.
  • Care for children who are disabled or who have sick or disabled parents.
  • Administer prescribed oral medications, under the written direction of physician or as directed by home care nurse or aide, and ensure patients take their medicine.
  • Massage patients or apply preparations or treatments, such as liniment, alcohol rubs, or heat-lamp stimulation.
  • Direct patients in simple prescribed exercises or in the use of braces or artificial limbs.
  • Perform a variety of duties as requested by client, such as obtaining household supplies or running errands.
  • Provide patients and families with emotional support and instruction in areas such as caring for infants, preparing healthy meals, living independently, or adapting to disability or illness.
  • Check patients' pulse, temperature, and respiration.
  • Plan, purchase, prepare, or serve meals to patients or other family members, according to prescribed diets.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: SR.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Social interests, but also prefer Realistic environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Support and Independence in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Education Required

These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

LMI Region

Wages

In 2013, the average annual wage in United States was $22,050 with most people making between $16,690 and $29,480

Outlook

6.88%
avg. annual growth

During 2010, this occupation employed approximately 1,017,000 people in United States. It is projected that there will be 1,723,000 employed in 2020.

This occupation will have about 70,000 openings due to growth and about 767,000 replacement openings for approximately 837,000 total annual openings.