Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients, working under direction of nursing and medical staff. May assist with daily living activities, lead patients in educational and recreational activities, or accompany patients to and from examinations and treatments. May restrain violent patients. Includes psychiatric orderlies.
- Certified Nurses' Aide (CNA)
- Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)
- Charge Aide
- Charge Attendant
- Developmental Aide
- Health Service Worker
- Health Technician
- Mental Health Aide
- Mental Health Assistant
- Mental Health Counselor
- Complete physical checks and monitor patients to detect unusual or harmful behavior and report observations to professional staff.
- Record and maintain patient information, such as vital signs, eating habits, behavior, progress notes, treatments, or discharge plans.
- Maintain patients' restrictions to assigned areas.
- Work as part of a team that may include psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, or social workers.
- Provide patients with assistance in bathing, dressing, or grooming, demonstrating these skills as necessary.
- Clean and disinfect rooms and furnishings to maintain a safe and orderly environment.
- Restrain or aid patients as necessary to prevent injury.
- Provide mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients with routine physical, emotional, psychological, or rehabilitation care under the direction of nursing or medical staff.
- Serve meals or feed patients needing assistance or persuasion.
- Organize, supervise, or encourage patient participation in social, educational, or recreational activities.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: SRC.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Social interests, but also prefer Realistic and Conventional environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Support and Independence in their jobs.
- Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
- Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
In 2013, the average annual wage in United States was $26,990 with most people making between $17,110 and $40,650
During 2010, this occupation employed approximately 67,000 people in United States. It is projected that there will be 77,000 employed in 2020.
This occupation will have about 1,000 openings due to growth and about 18,000 replacement openings for approximately 19,000 total annual openings.
collegeUniversity of Southern California
collegeLoma Linda University
majorPsychiatric/Mental Health Services Technician
collegeSan Diego State University
collegeCalifornia State University-Long Beach