Aerospace Engineers

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About the Job

Perform engineering duties in designing, constructing, and testing aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. May conduct basic and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and equipment to aircraft design and manufacture. May recommend improvements in testing equipment and techniques.

It is also Called

  • Wind Tunnel Engineer
  • Weight Engineer
  • Weight Control Engineer
  • Vibration Engineer
  • Value Engineer
  • Transonic Engineer
  • Thermodynamics Engineer
  • Thermodynamicist
  • Test Facility Engineer
  • Test Engineer
show all

What They Do

  • Evaluate biofuel performance specifications to determine feasibility for aerospace applications.
  • Design or engineer filtration systems that reduce harmful emissions.
  • Design new or modify existing aerospace systems to reduce polluting emissions, such as nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, or smoke emissions.
  • Review aerospace engineering designs to determine how to reduce negative environmental impacts.
  • Evaluate and approve selection of vendors by studying past performance or new advertisements.
  • Research new materials to determine quality or conformance to environmental standards.
  • Direct aerospace research and development programs.
  • Diagnose performance problems by reviewing performance reports or documentation from customers or field engineers or inspecting malfunctioning or damaged products.
  • Maintain records of performance reports for future reference.
  • Analyze project requests, proposals, or engineering data to determine feasibility, productibility, cost, or production time of aerospace or aeronautical products.


People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: IR.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Investigative interests, but also prefer Realistic environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Working Conditions, but also value Recognition and Independence in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Education Required

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

LMI Region


In 2014, the average annual wage in New Jersey was $112,800 with most people making between $67,230 and $157,090


avg. annual growth

During 2012, this occupation employed approximately 1,650 people in New Jersey. It is projected that there will be 2,010 employed in 2022.

This occupation will have about 36 openings due to growth and about 34 replacement openings for approximately 70 total annual openings.